Jatindra Nath Bhar completed his DSc (1939) from the University of Calcutta. His area of specialization was atmospheric physics. He held the position of Professor, Institute of Radio Physics and Electronics, University of Calcutta.
Academic and Research Achievements: Bhar was the first to observe radio reflections from low heights of the atmosphere. He made the first comprehensive survey of ionospheric conditions in subtropical regions and their correlation with certain geophysical and geomagnetic phenomena. His explanation of the formation of the E-region of the ionosphere and its stratification has been a particularly valuable and original contribution to our knowledge of formation of the ionospheric layer.
Other Contributions: Bhar contributed to several policies of the All India Council for Technical Education as a member of their Eastern Regional Committee. In addition he was on the Electronics, Materials and Components Research Committee (CSIR), Research & Development Committee of West Bengal and Executive Council, National Physical Laboratory. He was a member of the INSA Council from 1971 to 1973.
Awards and Honours: JN Bhar was a Fellow of the Institute of Physics, the Indian Academy of Sciences, Bangalore, the National Academy of Sciences (India), Allahabad, Vice-President (1970) of the Institution of Electronic and Radio Engineers (IERE) (London), Chairman (1965-69) of the Indian Council of IERE and President of the Engineering Sciences Section, Indian Science Congress (1977).