Nabeen Chandra Nayak got his MBBS (1952) from Utkal University getting several Distinctions and Medals and MD (Pathology) from KG Medical College, Lucknow availing the first Indo-US Technical Cooperation Mission (TCM) Award. Two years after obtaining MD, he proceeded to the USA on a TCM Merit Fellowship to do research on experimental liver disease at the Kansas University Medical Centre, with Professor John Higginson, where he also acquired expertise in diagnostic histopathology. After coming back to India, he joined Faculty of the Department of Pathology, All India Institute of Medical Sciences (AIIMS), New Delhi, later headed the Department for several years and also the Cancer Centre for five years.
Academic and Research Achievements: While at AIIMS, Nayak made exhaustive studies on important liver diseases in humans including experimental studies in rats, mice and monkeys on different aspects of liver injury. His contributions to the newly acquired knowledge on hepatitis virus infections, its relationship to the fatal and very common liver cancer, Indian childhood cirrhosis, cirrhosis-like disease of non-cirrhotic portal fibrosis (NCPF) and the biology of alpha-feto protein quickly drew international and national attention. He was invited by the WHO, Geneva as Member of a very select team that for the first time reported the relationship of a virus (Hepatitis B virus) to human cancer and recommended the use of a vaccine for prevention of the common and highly fatal liver cancer.
Other Contributions: Nayak headed the WHO South East Asia Regional Office's Expert Committee on Chronic Liver Diseases and Liver Cancer. Being invited by the Kuwait University to chair the Department of Pathology at the Faculty of Medicine, he redesigned its professional, educational and research programmes during his nine year tenure. He was Team Leader of the Indo-US, Indo-British, Indo-German and Indo-Russian research projects on Liver Cancer and was nominated Expert to various Health and other Science organizations.
Awards and Honours: Professor Nayak was conferred Basanti Devi Amir Chand Award, Amrut Modi Unichem Award by ICMR, Sir Sriram Oration Award by the National Academy of Medical Sciences, Hari Om Ashram Award by the Medical Council of India, first Visiting Scientist Award by the Japanese Society for Promotion of Science, FICCI Award for excellence in Science and Technology Research including Agriculture, and several National/International Oration awards. He was elected Fellow of the Indian Academy of Sciences, Bangalore and Indian Academy of Medical Sciences.