Bhaskar Dattatraya Kulkarni obtained his Chemical Engineering degree (1970) and Post-graduation degree (1972) from Laxminayayan Institute of Technology, Nagpur University. He then moved to National Chemical Laboratory, Pune (1973) for doctoral work as a Senior Research Fellow of CSIR, under the supervision of LK Doraiswamy and obtained his PhD (1977).
Academic and Research Achievements: Kulkarni's work includes development of macro-meso and microscopic models as well as the AI based evolutionary formalisms. Some of these models have broken new grounds and have led to considerable improved fundamental understanding of these reacting/ reactor systems. More specifically, the application of nonlinear dynamical system theory to reactor/ reacting systems has brought forth new issues on bifurcation and stability characteristics leading to novel design and control strategies even for chaotic system. The results of his work have also led to better advanced manufacturing technologies in terms of on-line process identification, monitoring, modelling and optimization, fault diagnostics, scheduling and control. He suggested the use of the notion of self-similarity of fractals as a basis for design of mobile flexible modular plants for certain consumer products. His wavelet based technique of signal separation, data compression and generation of reduced model descriptions have found practical use in industries. Some of the novel concepts introduced by him are: (i) A new rate law model called 'Encillator', a model reaction system involving exponential autocatalysis to explain variety of reaction of behaviour; (ii) An arithmetic-analytical approach to solutions of model equations, an approach that combines the elegance of analytical solutions and rigour of digital computations; (iii) Rigorous fluidized bed reactor model using initial value formalism; (iv) Multiplicity, instability and bifurcation behaviour of chemical reactions and reactors using normals from theory; (v) Optimization and control of unknown systems (artificial neural networks and evolutionary algorithms); (vi) Microemulsions (synthesis of nanoparticles, electrochemical reactions and organic biotransformation, and so on. He has published over 270 papers, written three books, edited four books and has several US and Indian patents in his credit.
Awards and Honours: Dr Kulkarni received several awards and honours that include Amar Dye Chem Award (1981), Herdillia Award for Excellence in Basic Research in Chemical Engineering (1988), SS Bhatnagar Prize (1989); Fellow, Indian Academy of Sciences, Bangalore (1988), Indian National Academy of Engineering (1989), the Academy of Sciences for the Developing World (TWAS), Italy and JC Bose Fellow (2008).