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Name Professor R Nityananda
(Professor Rajaram Nityananda)
FNA ID N98-1237
Address Professor, Azim Premji University, PES South Campus, Electronics CIty
City Bengaluru
Pin Code 560078
Country India
Gender Male
Specialization Astronomical Optics, Image Processing,Statistical physics
Service in the Council
Qualification PhD
Membership FASc, FNASc
  Award The Kariamanikkam Srinivasa Krishnan Memorial Lecture, 2004
  Year of Election 1998  
E-mail rajaram.nityananda@gmail.com, rajaram.nityuananda@iiserpune.ac.in
Personal Website http://www.ncra.tifr.res.in:8081/~rajaram
Summary

Rajaram Nityananda earned his BSc degree in Physics (1967) from the University of Madras, MSc (1969) in Physics from Indian Institute of Technology Madras, and PhD (1977) from Bangalore University, working at the Materials Science Division of the National Aeronautical (now  Aerospace)  Laboratory, Bangalore on optics and crystallography. He worked as a member of scientific staff at the Raman Research Institute (1975-2000) before taking up the position of Centre Director, NCRA-TIFR, Punewhich he held till 2010. He then served as Centre Director, TCIS (TIFR Centre for Interdiscipliary Science, Hyderabad) from March 2011 to June 2012. . From  March 2013 -January 2014, he was  a visiting professor at IISER, Pune, and is currently with the School of  Liberal Studies, Azim Premji University, Bengaluru. In the last two locations, he has taught physics and mathematics  to undergraduate students. 

Academic and Research Achievements: Professor Rajaram Nityananda has developed the theory of light propagation in cholesteric liquid crystals, predicting the optical analogue of the Borrmann effect. With Ramseshan, he identified Berry's geometric phase as a case of the Pancharatnam phase for polarised light, thereby opening up the possibility of many new experiments. He has worked on the theory of t e resistivity of binary liquid mixtures, predicted the rapid rotation of neutron polarisation in helical magnetic structures. Worked out with Ranganath the forces between defects in elastically anisotropic nematic liquid crystals. With Narayan, he has applied the maximum entropy method to the crystallographic "phase-problem" and for image reconstruction in astronomy. He brought out the usefulness of Fermat's principle in gravitational lensing calculations including both the mean gravitational field and its fluctuations and has worked on galactic dynamics and structure formation in the universe.

Other Contributions: Nityananda served as an INSA Council Member (1989-91). He has been Editor of Pramana - Journal of Physics, and Journal of Astrophysics and Astronomy.   Currently, he is Editor of  Resonance, Journal of Science Education. 

Awards and Honours: Nityananda received the KS Krishnan Memorial Lecture Award (2004) of INSA. He is a Fellow, Indian Academy of Sciences, Bangalore and the National Academy of Sciences (India), Allahabad.

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