Syed Wajih Ahmad Naqvi received BSc and MSc from Lucknow University, and PhD (1987) from Poona University. Subsequently, he joined National Institute of Oceanography (NIO) where he still continues to work as Scientist 'G'. He has visited many laboratories including Lamont-Doherty Earth Observatory of Columbia University, New York as a Raman Research Fellow (1990-91); Institute for Hydrospheric-Atmospheric Research of Nagoya University, Japan as Visiting Professor (2000); Centre for Marine Tropical Ecology and Max-Planck Institute for Marine Microbiology, Bremen, Germany as Hanse-Wissenschaftskolleg Fellow (2004-05); and MPI-Bremen again as a Marie-Curie Fellow. He is also an Adjunct Scientist at Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution, Woods Hole, MA, USA.
Academic and Research Achievements: In view of severe oxygen depletion in water column in the seas around India, Naqvi investigated biogeochemical processes in aquatic low-oxygen zones, especially microbially-mediated redox transformations of nitrogen such as denitrification in the Arabian Sea. He demarcated the zone of denitrification in the Arabian Sea, studied its variability in space and time, and determined its rate using several diverse physico-chemical, isotopic and enzymatic techniques. His work provided new insights into processes associated with suboxic ecosystems, including high respiration rates and associated bacteria-produced nepheloid layers, and mechanisms of nitrous oxide production. He demonstrated that human activities are causing an increase of nitrous oxide emission from the oceans. He supervised five PhD and one MSc students. He also authored over 100 research articles, edited several books and special issues of scientific journals.
Other Contributions: Dr Naqvi was instrumental in setting up a world-class biogeochemistry group and laboratory at NIO. He was involved in planning and implementing international ocean-related projects dealing with global change: JGOFS (Joint Global Ocean Flux Study), LOICZ (Land-Ocean Interaction in the Coastal Zone), SOLAS (Surface Ocean - Lower Atmosphere Study), and IMBER (Integrated Marine Biogeochemistry and Ecosystem Research). He has been Editor-in-Chief of Biogeosciences, and also on the Editorial boards of Aquatic Biology, Marine Biology and Indian Journal of Marine Sciences.
Awards and Honours: Dr Naqvi received the CSIR Young Scientist Award in Earth Sciences (1987), MAAS Young Scientist Award in Physical Sciences (1992) and SS Bhatnagar Prize in Earth Sciences (1996). He was conferred Vigyan Ratna Samman by the Government of Uttar Pradesh in 2004. He was elected Fellow of the Indian Academy of Sciences, Bangalore (1994), National Academy of Sciences (India), Allahabad (2002), and the Academy of Sciences for the Developing World, Trieste.