Bhupendra Nath Goswami obtained his Master degree in Physics from Gauhati University and PhD in Plasma Physics (1976) from Physical Research Laboratory (PRL), Ahmedabad (Gujarat University). Subsequently, he pursued post-doctoral research at MIT, Cambridge and at NASA/GSFC, Maryland, USA. On return to India, a brief stint at CAS, IIT-Delhi was followed by joining CAOS, IISc, Bangalore, where he became Professor and Chairman of the Centre. During this period, he took up Visiting assignments at University of Maryland at the GFDL/Princeton University. Professor Goswami has been the Director of Indian Institute of Tropical Meteorology (IITM), Pune since 2006.
Academic and Research Achievements: Goswami had been teaching geophysical fluid dynamics, variability in the ocean, general circulation, and climate and tropical air-sea interactions to MSc (Engg) and PhD students. His major scientific contributions include physical mechanisms identified for scale selection of monsoon intraseasonal oscillations. Using a zonally symmetric general circulation model, for the first time, Professor Goswami identified a radiative-convective-dynamical feedback mechanism for generating the northward propagating 30-50 day mode. He was the first to show that a convectively coupled gravest Rossby wave is responsible for the observed quasi-biweekly oscillation of monsoon. He developed a technique for prediction of active-break spells of monsoon 3 weeks in advance. He was the first to make a quantitative estimate of the potential predictability of the tropical coupled ocean-atmosphere system. His unique work has been the discovery of a new mode of variability in the Indian Ocean, namely, the Indian Ocean Dipole Mode. His identification of a new extratropical teleconnection pathway through which EL Nino's influence the Indian monsoon rainfall has led to a new objective definition of the length of monsoon season. His observational evidences on the trends of frequency and intensity of heavy rain events as well as light-to-moderate rain events in the monsoon season during 1951-2004, explained a long-standing puzzle of stability of Indian monsoon in a warming world. He has 87 publications in refereed journals and has mentored five PhD and five MSc (Engg) students.
Other Contributions: Professor Goswami has contributed to capacity building in climate science through dedicated training programmes at IISc and IITM. He is a member of several national and international Commissions and Committees as well as of Editorial Boards of several journals.
Awards and Honours: Amongst several honours and awards received by Professor Goswami the major ones are: the Hari Om Ashram Prerit Vikram Sarabhai Award (1994), SS Bhatnagar Award (1995) and the KR Ramanathan Medal of INSA (2008). He is a Fellow of the Indian Academy of Sciences, Bangalore and National Academy of Sciences (India), Allahabad.